Dipolydora armata (Langerhans, 1880)

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Status
Common, Alien?

Description

Prostomium bilobed. CaruncleD_armata_frontpage_watermarked to en of chaetiger 2. Occipital tentacle absent. No eyes. Preserved specimens opaque white to tan. 2-3 notochaetae on chaetiger 1. Modified spines on chaetiger 5 falcate with collar. Branchiae start on chaetiger 7, up to 7 pairs, short. Middle chaetigers larger than preceding or succeeding ones. Hooded hooks from chaetiger 7, 3 or 4 per fascicle. Retractable spines on posterior chaetigers, form a funnel when everted and cone when retracted. Pygidium is small, and cuff- shaped.

5 mm for 24-25 segments

Distribution
Intertidal & subtidal, from Knysna to Haga Haga.
Mediterranean, Northeast Atlantic, Red Sea, India, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, east & west coasts of USA, Hawai’i, Chile, Ecuador

Ecology
Borer of calcareous substances; molluscs, coralline algal crusts, living coral, and coral rock.

Note
Alien status needs to be confirmed

Citation: Simon C. A. and van Niekerk S. E. (2012), Dipolydora armata (Langerhans, 1880) modified May 2015, The Simon Polychaete Lab- http://thesimonpolychaetelab.com/dipolydora-armata/, Date Accessed:June 24, 2019.