Polydora hoplura Claparède 1896

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Status

Pest, Invasive

Description

Prostomium bilobed, P_hoplura_frontpage_watermarkedweakly incised anteriorly or rounded, caruncle to end chaetiger 3. Up to 2 pairs of eyes. Dark pigmentation along prostomium and on peristomium, sometimes on pygidium. Palps often with black bars. Pigmentation may be absent. No notochaetae on chaetiger 1. Modified spines of chaetiger 5 7 simple hooks with flange on concave edge. Strong hooks on posterior chaetigers. Branchiae begin on chaetiger 7, long & filiform, end before posterior notochaetal hooks begin. Pygidium saucer-shaped.

Up to 40mm for 180 segments and 2mm wide at chaetiger 5.

Distribution
South Africa: northwest to southeast coast.
English Channel, Atlantic coast of Europe, Australia, New Zealand and the Mediterranean Sea (Type locality Bay of Naples).

Ecology
Common pest of farmed abalone and oysters, but mainly on latter.  Boring stimulates the production of mudblisters. Occurs less often as epifauna on shells.

Reproduction
Brood capsules joined, resemble sausage. Adelphophagic larvae, brooding adults usually present during spring. Females producing planktotrophic larvae recently found.

 

Citation: Simon C. A. and van Niekerk S. E. (2012), Polydora hoplura Claparède 1896 modified May 2015, The Simon Polychaete Lab- http://thesimonpolychaetelab.com/polydora-hoplura/, Date Accessed:June 24, 2019.