Arenicola loveni loveni Kinberg, 1866

Status
Indigenous, popular bait species

Description
In life, colour may vary depending on locality; most red or pink, sometimes black. Very large, up to 800mm, achaetous tail region may be longer than trunk. Eversible proboscis with prominent papillae. Trunk with 19 chaetigers. Branchiae start on chaetiger 7, 13 pairs. Notochaetae with lateral toothed-crests. Neuropodial hooks with small or inconspicuous tooth. Neuropodia in branchial region long, almost meeting midventrally.

Distribution
South Africa: Velddrif on west coast to Durban on east coast.

Ecology
Intertidal and shallow subtidal, muddy sandy sediment in protected bays and estuaries. Ecosystem engineers; occupy U-shaped burrows that draws in water, oxygenating sediment and encouraging bacterial growth.

Notes
Widely known as bloodworm, most popularly used polychaete bait species in South Africa. Overexploited in some localities. Collection in KwaZulu Natal prohibited.

Cite as: Malan, A., Naidoo, C. and Simon C.A. (2019) Arenicola loveni Kinberg, 1866 modified May 2019. (https://thesimonpolychaetelab.com/arenicola-loveni-loveni/ Accessed on <day/month/year>)