Platynereis entshonae Kara, Santos, Macdonald & Simon, 2020
Body colour variable: medium – light brown to dark brown red/brown matter colour. White luminescent pigmentation between four pairs of dark brown eye spots on prostomium. Lateral sides of anterior segments dark green with colour more prominent at segment boundaries. Dull yellow dorsal midline in anterior chaetigers and from 16th chaetiger to posterior colour luminescent cream/white in a characteristic chain-like pattern, common for Platynereis. Body swollen anteriorly and tapering posteriorly. Pair of frontal antenna. Pair of palps with swollen base and rounded distal ends. Four pairs of tentacular cirri. Pharynx armed with a pair of black/brown jaws with 6 teeth. Paragnaths on pharynx in distinct areas and consist of rods in tight lines or rows: Area I & II: 0, III: 3 discontinuous rows, IV: 5 rows, V: 0, VI: 2-3 rows, arc shape, VII-VIII: 2-3 rows in 5-6 groups. Dorsal and ventral cirri present. Chaetae consist of thick heterogomph falcigers with terminal tendons, homogomph spinigers, heterogomph spinigers and heterogomph falcigers.
Very common in the lower intertidal zone under Ulva sp. Laurencia flexuosa and Jania verrucosa beds. Found in soft flexible tubes made out of mucous secretions, sand and detritus.
Lamberts Bay in the Western Cape to Kidds Beach in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. More abundant along the cooler West coast. Species also recorded from Namibia and Angola by Day (1967).
Previously mistaken as the Mediterranean species Platynereis dumerilii. Found to be part of a true cryptic species complex with another indigenous South African species, Platynereis species the Platynereis species complex in the Mediterranean.