?Polydora haswelli Blake and Kudenov 1978
Rare, non-indigenous, pest
38 mm for 193 chaetigers. Prostomium bilobed, caruncle to end chaetiger 3 or 4. 2 pairs of eyes arranged in trapezoid. In life dark pigment along the lateral margins of the prostomium, dark patches on the peristomium and at the base of the notopodial lobes of chaetigers 1 – 4; smaller, lighter spots on chaetigers 5 & 6. Some pigmentation around mouth and along anterior mid-ventral line. Palps with dark bands.
No notochaetae on chaetiger 1. Modified spines of chaetiger 5 slightly curved with small accessory tooth in concave side. Hooded hooks start on chaetiger 7, up to 10. Sometimes accompanied by fine companion chaetae. Branchiae start on chaetiger 7, last 5 chaetigers abranchiate; don’t touch along mid-dorsum.
Bores into shell of scallop, Pecten sulcicostatus and cultured oyster, Crassostrea gigas.
South Africa: False Bay, Northern Cape Province
Japan, New Zealand, Australia, China, Korea, possibly Brazil
Molecular evidence confirms that it is not indigenous. Identity needs clarification as it also resembles P. neocaeca closely.
Blake, J. A. and Kudenov, J.D. (1978) The Spionidae (Polychaeta) from southeastern Australia and adjacent areas with a revision of the genera. Memoirs of the Natural Museum of Victoria 39, 171-280
Read, G.B. (2010) Comparison and history of Polydora websteri and P. haswelli (Polychaeta: Spionidae) as mud-blister worms in New Zealand shellfish. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater 44, 83-100.
Walker, L.M. (2014) A revision of the Polydora-complex (Annelida: Spionidae) fauna of Australia. PhD thesis. University off Queensland, Australia.
Williams, J.D. and Radashevsky, V.I. (1999). Morphology, ecology, and reproduction of a new Polydora species from the east coast of North America. Ophelia 51(2): 115-127